Bad breath (halitosis)
can be caused by a variety of things including diet, medication, poor oral
hygiene, and diseases or conditions such as diabetes, lactose intolerance, gum disease, and more. Treatment for bad
breath depends on the cause.
There are many things
that can cause bad breath, including the following:
When a person does not
brush or floss their teeth thoroughly, food particles may remain in the mouth.
These particles may rot and cause foul odors. In addition, food particles over
time can promote the growth of bacteria, which can also cause foul odors. The bacteria can
also lead to tooth decay and gum disease.
Foods with strong odors
also affect the air a person exhales. Foods commonly known to contribute to bad
breath include onions and garlic, exotic spices (such as curry), some cheeses, fish, and
acidic beverages such as coffee. Foods are absorbed into the bloodstream and
then transferred to the lungs, causing noticeable odors when exhaled. These
foods may also causegastrointestinal upset and belching, which can contribute to bad breath. In addition,
certain supplements such as fish oil capsules can contribute to bad breath.
Low carbohydrate diets may also cause what is known as 'ketone breath.' So-called 'low
carb' diets cause the body to burn fat as its energy source. The end-product of
making this energy are ketones, which cause a fruity acetone-like odor on the
breath when exhaled.
Bad breath can also be
caused by decreased flow of saliva, which is a vital part of the digestive process and
removes odor-causing particles in the mouth. Also called xerostomia, dry mouth may be caused by medications, breathing
through the mouth, or salivary gland problems.
In addition to causing
bad breath, smoking or chewing tobacco-based
products can stain teeth, irritate gum tissue, and exacerbate tooth decay.
disorders may cause bad breath, for example:
gum or periodontal infection,
throat infection (pharyngitis or tonsillitis),
local infection in the
chronic sinusitis and/or post-nasal drip,
gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD),
liver or kidney disease,
Sjogren's syndrome (causes xerostomia), and
Dentures or Dental
Dentures or dental
appliances, such as braces, can contribute to bad breath. Most often it is due
to food particles that are not properly cleansed from the appliances.
Loose-fitting dentures can contribute to sores and localized infections in the
mouth, which can cause bad breath.
bacteria accumulate in the mouth, causing bad breath that is commonly referred
to as 'morning breath.' Some people breathe through their mouth at night, which
can cause dry mouth and worsen morning breath. Bad Breath Symptoms
Many individuals with
bad breath may be unaware they have it, or their symptoms may only be
temporary. The odor often depends upon the source or underlying cause of the
Some common symptoms of
bad breath include:
bad breath smell,
bad taste or taste
dry mouth, and
a coating on the tongue.
Bad Breath Treatment
Self-Care at Home
People who suffer from
bad breath want to know how to get rid of bad breath. Some examples of measures
an individual can do to prevent or get rid of bad breath include:
Practice good oral
hygiene to include:
brush at least twice a
day with fluoridetoothpaste,
brush the teeth after
brush the tongue,
replace your toothbrush
every two to three months,
use dental floss
dentures should be
removed at night and cleaned thoroughly before being placed in your mouth, and
see your dentist at
least twice a year.
Keep your mouth moist
drinking water, and
chewing sugarless gum or
hard candy to stimulate the production of saliva.
Avoid foods such as
onions or garlic which may cause bad
Mouthwash provides a
temporary way to mask bad breath odors, but it may not treat the underlying
Natural bad breath
remedies include chewing on mint or parsley.
Doctor Me , 2013021519:54:48