If you have diabetes, keeping your glucose level within a healthy range and regular dental checkups are key to managing your oral health.
Diabetes can lower the body's resistance to infection and slow the healing process. These changes affect your teeth and gums. A common oral health problem associated with diabetes is periodontal disease.
High glucose levels in saliva help plaque thrive on your teeth. Plaque is a film of bacteria that develops within hours of eating and releases acids that cause tooth decay. Plaque that is not removed can harden into tartar. When tartar collects above the gumline, brushing and cleaning between teeth becomes more difficult.
Diabetes can also reduce the body's resistance to infection, which can affect gums. An infection of the gum tissues can lead to periodontal disease â€” chronic inflammation and infection of the gums. Because diabetes may compromise or impair the healing process, periodontal abscesses can develop.