From 70 years since the first antibiotic has been discovered, it is the main reason for many of us to live a healthy and long life. But recent studies found out that the bacteria and other infection causing viruses has developed resistance to antibiotics and it has reached alarming level now.
Report from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) revealed that nearly 2 million people in US alone are getting ill due to these antibiotic resistant infections and 23000 die everyday. Dr. Keiji Fukuda, Assistant Director-General for Health Security (WHO) has said in a report,
"Effective antibiotics have been one of the pillars allowing us to live longer, live healthier, and benefit from modern medicine. Unless we take significant actions to improve efforts to prevent infections and also change how we produce, prescribe and use antibiotics, the world will lose more and more of these global public health goods and the implications will be devastating.
Reports say that even though antibiotics are getting developed each year, the bacteria are also developing resistant to it very quickly. The main reason for this is the antibiotics are taken for granted and more than 50% of the time it is prescribed when not needed or misused (For Example: Too many antibiotics are prescribed for common virus infections like cold, flu and diarrhea
). This inappropriate usage of antibiotics causes unnecessary promotion to the antibiotic resistance.
WHO recommend that patients only use antibiotics when they are prescribed by a doctor. Furthermore, patients should take the full prescription, even if feeling better, and they should never share antibiotics with others or use leftover antibiotics.
When it comes to health care practitioners, WHO say they should only prescribe antibiotics when patients truly need them, and should ensure they are prescribing the correct antibiotic to treat the illness.